Removal of complex renal tumors performed safely by robotic surgery in selected patients

Renal cell carcinoma can sometimes spread to the inferior vena cava (IVC), the body’s largest vein, posing a threat to the heart and brain. Robotic nephrectomy for inferior vena cava tumor thrombus has favorable outcomes in selected patients compared with open surgery, which can have a high rate of complications.
Removal of complex renal tumors performed safely by robotic surgery in selected patients